Building Oregon

Klamath Hall, University of Oregon (Eugene, Oregon)

Title
Klamath Hall, University of Oregon (Eugene, Oregon)
LC Subject
Architecture, American Architecture--United States
Alternative
University of Oregon (Eugene, Oregon) Science II, University of Oregon (Eugene, Oregon)
Creator
Skidmore, Owings & Merrill W. S. Hardie & SonsSons
Creator Display
Skidmore, Owings & Merrill (architecture firm)
Description
This image is included in Building Oregon: Architecture of Oregon and the Pacific Northwest, a digital collection which provides documentation about the architectural heritage of the Pacific Northwest.
View
Historic Resource Survey Form
Temporal
1960-1969
Style Period
Brutalist
Work Type
architecture (object genre) built works views (visual works) exterior views universities (buildings) research buildings laboratories
Latitude
44.047195
Longitude
-123.072183
Location
Eugene >> Lane County >> Oregon >> Pacific Northwest Lane County >> Oregon >> Pacific Northwest Oregon >> Pacific Northwest United States
Street Address
1370 Franklin Boulevard
Date
1967
Identifier
Klamath05_30_07.pdf
Rights
Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Rights Holder
University of Oregon
Type
Image
Format
application/pdf
Set
Building Oregon
Primary Set
Building Oregon
Is Part Of
University of Oregon (Eugene, Oregon)
Institution
University of Oregon
Citation
University of Oregon Heritage Landscape Plan, http://uplan.uoregon.edu/projects/HLP_website/hlpsurveyofbldgs.htm
Note
HISTORIC RESOURCE SURVEY FORM University of Oregon Cultural Resources Survey Eugene, Lane County, Oregon Summer 2006 RESOURCE IDENTIFICATION Current building name: Klamath Hall Historic building name: Science II Building address: 1370 Franklin Blvd. Ranking: Non- Contributing ARCHITECTURAL DESCRIPTION Architectural style classification: Brutalist Building plan ( footprint shape): Rectangular Number of stories: 4 stories plus a basement Foundation material( s): Poured concrete Primary exterior wall material: Poured concrete Secondary exterior wall material: Metal panels below windows Roof configuration/ type: Flat Primary roof material: Built- Up Roof Primary window type: Fixed Primary window material: Metal Decorative features and materials: Exposed poured concrete structural frame Landscape features: Science Courtyard with light well at center, bike racks, Streisinger Courtyard to the east Associated resources: Attached to Onyx Bridge, Willamette Hall and Streisinger Hall; Basement Science Library Comments: Klamath Hall is a rectangular structure whose dominant visual feature is the expressed structural frame. The metal windows are set back several feet from the frame. ARCHITECTURAL HISTORY Date of construction: 1967 Architect: Skidmore, Owings, and Merrill Builder/ Contractor: W. S. Hardie and Sons Moved? ( yes/ no): No Date of move( s): N/ A Description/ dates of major additions/ alterations: Klamath Hall has been periodically remodeled on its interior. Most of these remodels have updated the systems within individual laboratories. The most significant change to the building is the attachment of Willamette Hall to the southern entry façade and Streisinger Hall on the northeastern edge in 1989. In addition, the Science Library light well was altered and bike racks were installed in 1999. Refer to Continuation Sheet 1 for details on specific alterations. Survey Form Page 2 Building Name: Klamath Hall HISTORICAL ASSOCIATIONS & SIGNIFICANCE Original use( s) or function( s): Science Classrooms Current use( s) or function( s): Science Classrooms Area( s) of significance: Education, Architecture Period of significance: 1967 Statement of Significance ( use continuation sheet if necessary): The science departments at the University of Oregon continued to grow in enrollment and specialization during the late 1950s and early 1960s. By the mid 1960s, the facilities in Science I ( Pacific Hall) and its East Addition( Onyx Bridge) were cramped and outdated. Emerging fields such as Molecular Biology needed space and specialized equipment. The University planned to augment the science facilities with new buildings. In addition to funding from the State of Oregon, much of the sponsorship for individual laboratories came from grants given by the National Science Foundation and National Institutes of Health. The selection of Skidmore, Owings, and Merrill ( SOM) to conduct the master planning for the science complex and design for Science II is significant in that this was the first firm from outside of the Northwest to design a campus building. This large, international firm is known for technically sophisticated buildings that emphasize utility. The master plan for the science complex called for incremental building with separate structures linked by corridors and courtyards to provide unity. The functional requirements of the departments housed within provide the organizational scheme for each individual building. The design for Klamath Hall ( Science II) utilizes modern design principles to respond to the ever- changing functional needs. In keeping with Modernist principles, the only ornament is the expression of the structural frame. Not merely an aesthetic choice, the frame and corresponding lack of internal columns provides for open laboratory spaces, easy internal partitioning, and sun control. The use of fixed windows and reliance on mechanical ventilation also reflect the importance of technology in modern design. The desire to maximize internal flexibility drove the decisions for everything from mechanical systems to laboratory finishes. The Science Library’s central location is a hub linking the various departments together. The Library’s position in the basement maximizes the coverage on the site with the light well providing daylight and controlled access to the outdoors from within the facility. The Library is emblematic of the connection between utility and technology found throughout Klamath Hall and modern design. Science II has been an important center for scientists at the University of Oregon since 1967. Alterations and updates to the building keep the facilities current with the latest in technical requirements. In 1990 the building was renamed Klamath Hall. Klamath currently houses facilities for Biology and Chemistry The design of Klamath Hall emphasized technology and utility. Although designed by a prominent architect, it is not a notable example of their work or of the Brutalist style. The periodic internal remodels are consistent with the design intention to accommodate changing functional requirements. These alterations have not changed the essential form or character of the building. The connection of Willamette Hall and Streisinger Hall in 1989, however, dramatically changed the building. The entry experience and the character of the front elevation are particularly altered although structurally intact. Also, the Science Library light well was redesigned to address leakage problems. The loss of integrity from these additions and alterations combined with its low to very low significance compared to other campus buildings gives Klamath Hall its non- contributing status. NATIONAL REGISTER ELIGIBILITY ASSESSMENT Historic Significance ( check one): __ High _ Medium _ Low X Very Low or None Integrity ( check one): _ Excellent _ Good X Fair _ Poor Condition ( check one): _ Excellent X Good _ Fair _ Poor Building designation: _ City Landmark _ National Register _ National Historic Landmark X Not listed Preliminary National Register eligibility findings Building is potentially eligible: _ Individually or _ As a contributing resource in a district only If eligible individually, applicable criteria ( check all that apply): _ A. Associated with significant events _ C. Distinctive architecturally _ B. Associated with significant persons _ D. Archaeologically important If applicable, building qualifies under NR Criterion Considerations: _ Yes _ No If yes, which apply: Building is NOT eligible: _ Intact but lacks distinction or X Altered/ loss of integrity or _ Not 50 years old Survey Form Page 3 Building Name: Klamath Hall DOCUMENTATION Indicate resources consulted when researching this building ( check all that apply): X University archives X UO Planning Office files _ Newspapers _ Sanborn maps _ Building permits _ SHPO files _ State Archives _ State Library _ State Historic Society _ Local Historic Society _ Personal interviews _ Historic photographs _ Biographical encyclopedias _ Obituary indexes Other see below RECORDING INFORMATION Researched: Jennifer L. Flathman, Erin Pochert, 01/ 02/ 2006 Recorded: Susan Johnson and University Planning Office, Summer 2006 Photo number or name: Klamathcropped. jpg BIBLIOGRAPHICAL REFERENCES Building Proposals Skidmore Owings, and Merrill. University of Oregon Science Building. Second Addition. Pre- preliminary Submittal. University Planning Facilities Services Box 2 of 5, Special Collections, University of Oregon, Eugene. 1964. University of Oregon Science Building Second Addition Preliminary Submittal. University Planning Facilities Services Box 2 of 5, Special Collections. University of Oregon, Eugene. 1964. Guides Teague, Edward. The Architecture of the University of Oregon A History, Bibliography, & Research Guide. Eugene, OR: University of Oregon, 2004- 2005. Klamath Hall Building Plans. Facilities Services, University of Oregon, Eugene. Letters Mohr, Fed to James B. Hall, editor Chemical and Engineering News 11 April 1966. University Planning Facilities Services Box 3 of 5. Special Collections, University of Oregon, Eugene. University of Oregon Facilities Services Manuals University of Oregon Facilities Services. Specification for University of Oregon Science II Building New Laboratory Spaces. Facilities Services, University of Oregon, Eugene. 1968. Project Manual Organic Chemistry and Molecular Biology Unfinished Spaces Science Building 2nd Addition. Facilities Services, University of Oregon, Eugene. 1970. Project Manual Mechanical, Plumbing, Heating, & Ventilation for Molecular Biology Laboratories Second Addition, Phase 2. Facilities Services, University of Oregon, Eugene. 1970. Project Manual Specifications for University of Oregon Science Building Second Addition Remodel. Facilities Services, University of Oregon, Eugene. 1971. Refer to Continuation Sheet 2 Survey Form Page 4 Building Name: Klamath Hall PHOTOGRAPH SITE PLAN Red Horse Chestnut Himalayan Pine Common Horse Chestnut Moraine Honey Locust Amur Maackia Science Library Light Well Science Plaza Survey Form Page 5 Building Name: Klamath Hall HISTORIC RESOURCE SURVEY FORM University of Oregon Cultural Resources Survey Eugene, Lane County, Oregon Spring 2006 Continuation Sheet 1 Section Architectural History Page 1 1968 Construction of New laboratory spaces 1970 Finishing of Organic Chemistry and Molecular Biology Laboratories including mechanical, plumbing, heating, and ventilation 1971 Remodeling of shafts, roof penthouses and ceiling spaces on each floor for mechanical equipment 1981 Remodeling of rooms 120 and 168 including removal of partition walls and new wall finishes 1981 Installation of Fire Dampers for Room 120 1981 Installation of new ventilation of Electron Microscope room 1982 Ventilation improvements for rooms 168/ 120 1986 Installation of lighting controls for energy conservation 1986 Installation of heat recovery system for energy conservation 1987 Library Asbestos Abatement Removal of ceiling and sprayed on insulation material 1989 Demolition and replacement of concrete decking in courtyard plaza 1989 Connection to Streisinger and Willamette Hall 1992 Renovation of former chemistry labs into computer labs in basement 1999 Science Library light well altered and covered bike racks installed. 2000 Remodeling of Organic Chemistry lab including HVAC and fume hoods 2001 Renovation of 2nd Floor labs including new casework, lab tops, gas, air, plumbing, electrical hardware, walls, doors, ceilings 2002 Renovation of storage rooms into a teach lab including ADA compliant restrooms 2002 Addition of corridor sprinklers and outlets for future sprinklers 2002 Renovation of Semi- conductor lab including casework, fume hoods, and darkroom 2003 Plaza repair including new concrete slab, bike paths and bike shelters 2003 Remodel of Lonergan Lab with new lighting, electrical, ventilation, and fire controls Survey Form Page 6 Building Name: Klamath Hall HISTORIC RESOURCE SURVEY FORM University of Oregon Cultural Resources Survey Eugene, Lane County, Oregon Spring 2006 Continuation Sheet 2 Section Bibliography Page 2 Klamath Hall Building Plans. Facilities Services, University of Oregon, Eugene. Project Manual Science Room 120/ 168 Improvements. Facilities Services, University of Oregon, Eugene. 1981. Project Manual Science II Room 120 Fire Dampers. Facilities Services, University of Oregon, Eugene. 1981. Project Manual Science II Electron Microscope Room Ventilation. Facilities Services, University of Oregon, Eugene. 1981. Project Manual Rooms 168/ 120 – A Ventilation Improvements. Facilities Services, University of Oregon, Eugene. 1982. Project Manual Building No 38 Science II BPA Institutional Buildings Program. Facilities Services, University of Oregon, Eugene. 1986. Project Manual Building No. 38 Science II US Department of Energy Institutional Conservation Program. Facilities Services, University of Oregon, Eugene. 1986. Project Manual Science Library Asbestos Abatement. Facilities Services, University of Oregon, Eugene. 1987. Project Manual Science II Courtyard Repair Project. Facilities Services, University of Oregon, Eugene. 1989. Project Manual Klamath Hall Basement Repairs. Facilities Services, University of Oregon, Eugene. 1992. Project Manual Klamath Hall 323/ 327 Organic Chemistry Lab Remodel. Facilities Services, University of Oregon, Eugene. 2000. Project Manual Klamath Hall Labs 245- 255. Facilities Services, University of Oregon, Eugene. 2001. Project Manual Klamath Hall Phase 2 Green Lab. Facilities Services, University of Oregon, Eugene. 2002. Project Manual Klamath Hall Sprinkler Protection. Facilities Services, University of Oregon, Eugene. 2002. Project Manual Phase I Semi- conductor Training Lab. Facilities Services, University of Oregon, Eugene. 2002. Project Manual Science Library Plaza Repair. Campus Facilities Services, University of Oregon, Eugene. 2003. Project Manual Klamath Hall Lonergan Lab Remodel. Facilities Services, University of Oregon, Eugene. 2003 University of Oregon Science Buildings Additions and Alteration: A Manual for Prospective Architectural Consultants November 1984. University Planning Facilities Services Box 3 of 5. Special Collections. University of Oregon, Eugene.